About The Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor Technology

The Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor is a tall column packed with special activated carbon, patented by a research laboratory of the Government of India.

Bacteria is immobilized in the pores of the activated carbon matrix; dead bacteria are periodically replaced with new ones, in the pores.

The Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor Technology integrates biological & chemical oxidation in a single reactor. Counter-current liquid and air streams allow simultaneous oxidation and desorption. Organics are oxidized by compressed air from bottom.

Figure: A General Scheme of
A Sewage Treatment Plant using this Technology

Why Proprietary Carbon Matrix Is Used:

Activated Carbon has a low surface area. Cells are immobilized in both oxic and anoxic zones of the carbon matrix; thus bacterial oxidation happens in both zones. With the Activated Carbon, Catalytic oxidation is facilitated, in addition to bacterial oxidation.

Why Cells Are Immobilized:

Immobilization of cells protects the cells from being washed out with the effluent. This insures consistent quality of treatment.

Also, immobilization insures that there is greater cell density at any flow rate. Thus, the Reactor is able to handle shock loads.

Cell immobilization leads to greater catalytic stability, which, in turn, means longer catalyst life.

Immobilization invests the cells with the ability to tolerate higher concentration of toxic compounds. This spells better treatment.

Case Studies on the Technology:

Case Study on 1.5 MLD Tuna Fish Processing ETP - Ghana, West Africa

Case Study on 6 m3/day Pilot STP - Malaysia

Solutions Offered

Sewage Treatment Plants

Effluent Treatment Plants

Septic Tank Treatment