The Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor Technology
Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor is a tall column packed
with special activated carbon, patented by a research laboratory
of the Government of India.
is immobilized in the pores of the activated carbon matrix;
dead bacteria are periodically replaced with new ones, in
Advanced Immobilized Cell Reactor Technology integrates biological
& chemical oxidation in a single reactor. Counter-current
liquid and air streams allow simultaneous oxidation and desorption.
Organics are oxidized by compressed air from bottom.
Figure: A General Scheme of
A Sewage Treatment Plant using this Technology
Proprietary Carbon Matrix Is Used:
Carbon has a low surface area. Cells are immobilized in both
oxic and anoxic zones of the carbon matrix; thus bacterial
oxidation happens in both zones. With the Activated Carbon,
Catalytic oxidation is facilitated, in addition to bacterial
Cells Are Immobilized:
of cells protects the cells from being washed out with the
effluent. This insures consistent quality of treatment.
immobilization insures that there is greater cell density
at any flow rate. Thus, the Reactor is able to handle shock
Cell immobilization leads to greater catalytic stability,
which, in turn, means longer catalyst life.
invests the cells with the ability to tolerate higher concentration
of toxic compounds. This spells better treatment.
Studies on the Technology:
Study on 1.5 MLD Tuna Fish Processing ETP - Ghana, West Africa
Study on 6 m3/day Pilot STP - Malaysia